Today, the high-level committee led by former President Ram Nath Kovind is set to present an extensive eight-volume poll report, spanning over 18,000 pages, to President Droupadi Murmu. This report is anticipated to outline a concrete model for the implementation of a one-nation-one election, aiming to synchronize the varying poll cycles across the nation.

In its deliberations, the committee explored various options to ensure the seamless execution of simultaneous elections. Despite considering the German model of constructive vote of no-confidence, where a successor must garner a positive vote of confidence to initiate a no-confidence motion against the incumbent, the committee ultimately decided against its recommendation, deeming it incompatible with the principles of Indian democracy.

The committee’s discussions were broad-ranging, including consultations with political party representatives, retired Chief Justices, former Chief Election Commissioners, industrialists, and economists. Additionally, it solicited public feedback, receiving a substantial response in favor of simultaneous elections.

While the committee sought to engage with the Election Commission (EC) on multiple occasions, it received written responses instead of direct meetings. The committee also analyzed the macroeconomic impact of simultaneous elections, along with implications for crime rates and education outcomes.

Appointed by the Union Law Ministry in September 2023, the committee comprises notable figures such as Home Minister Amit Shah, former Finance Commission chairperson N K Singh, and senior advocate Harish Salve. Although Congress leader Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury was initially part of the committee, he declined, citing concerns about the predetermined conclusions.

The committee’s mandate extends to recommending specific amendments to the Constitution and electoral laws, examining scenarios like hung houses, no-confidence motions, and defections, and proposing a framework for election synchronization. Additionally, it explored logistics for simultaneous elections, including modalities for a unified electoral roll and voter ID cards.

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The much-anticipated One Nation, One Poll report, prepared by a high-level committee chaired by former President Ram Nath Kovind, offers valuable insights into the feasibility and implications of synchronizing various election cycles across India. This comprehensive report, spanning eight volumes and 18,000 pages, presents a detailed roadmap for implementing simultaneous elections at the national, state, and local levels.

Key Findings and Recommendations:

  1. Concrete Model for One Nation, One Poll:
  • The report proposes a concrete model for the simultaneous conduct of elections, aiming to streamline the electoral process and minimize disruptions caused by frequent polls.
  1. Exclusion of the German Model:
  • Despite deliberations, the committee decided against adopting the German model of constructive vote of no confidence, considering it incompatible with the principles of Indian democracy.
  1. Public feedback and consultations:
  • The committee extensively engaged with stakeholders, including political parties, legal experts, and the public, to gather feedback and insights on the feasibility and desirability of simultaneous elections.
  1. Macroeconomic Impact Analysis:
  • The report includes an in-depth analysis of the macroeconomic impact of simultaneous elections, highlighting potential benefits such as cost savings and improved governance efficiency.
  1. Logistics and Implementation Framework:
  • Recommendations cover various logistical aspects of conducting simultaneous elections, including the synchronization of election phases, the creation of a common electoral roll, and the issuance of voter ID cards.

Implications and Future Considerations:

  • The One Nation, One Poll report provides a comprehensive framework for policymakers to consider when deliberating on electoral reforms. By addressing logistical challenges and exploring alternative models, the report lays the groundwork for a more efficient and streamlined electoral process in India.

The release of the One Nation, One Poll report marks a significant milestone in India’s electoral landscape, offering valuable insights and recommendations for policymakers to consider. As the nation continues to debate the merits and challenges of simultaneous elections, the findings of this report serve as a vital resource for informed decision-making and future electoral reforms.